Perhaps your lawn is bare and boring, or perhaps a bit too exposed to your neighbors. Not every tree planted near your home or parking area will remain safe enough to grow there. Here’s a great list of trees that can add some life to your yard with minimal long term risk to your property. The last thing you need is a tree that will grow to go through your roof or damage your gutters with excessive leaf deposits. You may want to consult with a Licensed Tree Expert to determine the proper placement for your young trees to be sure they won’t become a hazard in the years to come to sewer lines, structures on your property, or your parking.
Ornamental Trees – these are the lovely flowering trees that burst into magical colors in the spring, have interesting tree shapes and differently shaped leaves.
- Flowering Dogwood – This tree flowers in pink, red or white. It blooms in early spring. Grows to a height of 15 to 25 feet. Has a lovely fall color, with leaves turning red-purple. The dogwood tree presents with two issues, both easily resolved. Make sure you buy your dogwood from a reputable arborist, instead of trying to replant a wild one. Wild dogwoods often have a fungus; anthracnose which is a disease caused by the fungus Discula destructiva. Dogwood powdery mildew has recently become a major threat to Dogwoods. The mildew, which often causes a whitish-gray powdery film on leaves that are also curled, is easily treatable with fungicides, such as horticulture oil.
- Flowering Cherry – Spring blooms with white flowers. Consider the White Weeping Cherry. Grows to a height of 20 to 40 feet. Also can get powdery mildew, treatment is the same.
- Weeping Higan Cherry – Has a graceful willow look and bright pink flowers in spring. Leaves stay glossy green throughout the summer and into the fall when they turn a vivid yellow before leaving the tree bare in winter. Grows to a height of 15 to 20 feet.
- Purple Plum – Provides a splash of purple to a landscape and pink flowers in the spring. It has dark red to purple foliage and abundance of white to light pink spring blossoms. Growth size is 25 feet.
- Ornamental Crabapple – This is a tree with a magnificent flower bloom in the spring and small, colorful fruit in the autumn. Many crabapple varieties are hardy, drought-tolerant, disease resistant, adaptable to various soil types, and grow to a mature height of less than 20 feet, suitable for small spaces. Crabapple trees are toxic for dogs, so they need to be placed outside of your dog’s traffic area. These trees either scattered on a lawn or in a grouping will provide welcome color.
Shade Trees – Deciduous (lose leaves) – In New Jersey the summers can be sweltering, hot and humid. So there are many benefits to having shade trees on your property, including a greatly reduced air conditioner usage which results in greatly reduced electric bill. To maximize the results of your shade trees:
Planting shade trees near east and west facing windows is an easy way to reduce the sun’s glare and heat from entering your home. Some of these trees can grow to 40 feet or higher, so while you want the trees near your home, you don’t want them too near. Calling a professional arborist Precision Tree is wise for proper and safe placement.
While shade trees will reduce carbon emissions by 30% over a hundred year period, most people want to be able to enjoy their outsides sooner than that.
- Maple trees – The Amur Maple grows to about 20 feet and is drought resistant. Other maple trees are Sugar, lovely colors in the fall of yellow, burnt orange and red, grows to a height of 40′ to 60′. Red, another tall one much like the Sugar maple, its colors in the fall are red or red with yellow stems; and Japanese which is a beautiful red color and grows to about 20′.
- Ginkgo Biloba – Choose the male cultivar, unless you are planning on a lot of this type of tree as it has messy fruit and reproduces. It grows to a height of 50′ to 75′ and enjoys full sun.
- Tulip trees – native to eastern North America. A very tall tree (80′) when fully grown, with tulip shaped leaves and blooms of orange and green yellow.
- Oak trees – These are big wide trees that must be given room to grow up as well out. Generally reaching heights of 80′ or more. Provide excellent shade and the acorns provide for squirrels and other wildlife. The Northern Red Oak is the state tree of NJ. Its leaves are red in the fall. Both this and the Pin oak (a type of Red Oak) are fast growing. The Pin Oak has unique branch structure and colors of russet, bronze and red in the autumn.
- Paper Birch – The paper birch, aside from being a fast growing shade tree and native to North America, also features a white bark that add a unique look to your yard. Growth is about 50′.
Fruit Trees – For a bit of whimsy or a desire to enjoy the fruits of your labor, literally; there are fruit trees, several of which grow nicely in NJ.
- Pear – Anjou, Bartlett, and Bosc are great for a NJ climate. If you have a hill plant them there, these trees need drainage. A single pear tree will produce the occasional pear; two pear trees will pollinate and can produce pounds of pears.
- Apple – Lovely blossoms in the spring and globes of fruit in the summer. Apple tree do better with a ‘hard’ winter i.e. cold. Plant two so they can pollinate. Trees do not need to be the same. Some varieties are Gala, Golden Delicious, Honeycrisp, and Red McIntosh.
- Cherry – The English Morello and the Early Richmond are some of the best cherries for the New Jersey climate for sour cherries. Fruit from these trees is usually for pies, jams or jellies. These are smaller trees and you only need one, so they’re perfect if you don’t have a lot of space. They do need a frosty winter to produce cherries, so if you don’t get any in a particular season, don’t dig up your tree! Hold off until next year. Sweet cherries also enjoy a chilled winter, are often larger trees and produce earlier in the spring. Hedelfingen is a popular tree as well as Sweetheart and BlackGold which are both self-pollinating.
Shrubs – Sometimes you love your neighbors, sometimes not. Or the neighbors, who are lovely, decide to put a hot tub on their raised deck in the direct line of sight of your children’s play area. Either way privacy shrubbery can solve or mask the issue. The experts at Precision Tree Services can point out what evergreens or shrubs work best for your property! Contact us to see which options would work best on your lawn. Here are a few shrubbery options to consider:
- Sky Pencil Holly – A narrow, column form with dark green foliage that stays neat year-round. Leaves have no sharp points, making it ideal for privacy screening. Grows to 6′ to 8′. Evergreen. Planted in a row, these will make a statement, elegantly.
- Hybrid Willow Tree – as with many trees with ‘willow’ in the name, this is a hybrid of two other trees, the White Willow and the Chinese Willow. This is a tall tree growing upwards of 50′ plus and wide as well. It is often used as a windbreak, as well as for privacy as the deep green leaves will enhance any colorful plant put in front of it. This is a fast growing tree, growing about 6′ per season.
- Emerald Green Thuja – Another column form tree, with a growth rate of about 5′ per season, topping out to between 8′ to 12′; and about 3′ to 4′ wide. This tree is resistant to bugs and can endure temperatures to -40. It has bright green glow which will reflect in the sun well.
This is a sampling of what can help your property look as charming and peaceful as you wish. Precision Tree Service can help you make the right choices you can enjoy for years to come!